Jaipur is known as Pink City due to the color scheme of its buildings within the walled city. Jaipur is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Jaipur had a population of 40 lakhs approximately in 2021 and it is the tenth most famous city in the country. It is 268 km drive from capital of India, New Delhi.
Jaipur was founded in year 1727 by the Rajput ruler Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who was the ruler of Amer from 1699 to 1743. The city has been named after him. Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar in Mathematics and Science from Bengal, assisted the Maharaja in designing the city, which was one of the earliest well planned cities of modern India. In year 1947, when India got independence Jaipur was made the capital of Rajasthan which was then a newly formed state.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II laid the foundation stone of Jaipur on 18 November 1727 and it took 4 years to complete the basic structure of the city. The city was planned on the basis of ancient Indian Vastu Shastra and Shilp Shastra. The reason for planning a new city was to solve the problems of scarcity of water and growing population in Amer. Hence, it was planned to shift the capital from Amer, to Jaipur. The Maharaja was a learned man and had a team of learned people with him under the guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya.
In the final plan it was decided that the city will be divided into nine blocks, two of which contained the state buildings and palaces, while the remaining seven blocks were allotted to the general public to live. Huge walls were built around the city, guarded by seven fortified gates for security purposes.
The story behind the name “Pink City” is very interesting. In 1878, Prince of Wales visited the city of Jaipur. In his honour the entire city was painted in a unique pink colour. Prince of Wales was quite impressed and coined the name Pink City. Continuing the trend and keeping the charm of the historic era, all the state buildings, building in the walled city and historical places of Jaipur city are painted with the unique pink colour.
Jaipur is a one of the most popular tourist destination in India and forms a part of the Golden Triangle tourist circuit (Delhi-Agra- Jaipur). Jaipur also serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan like Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Pushkar, Udaipur and Mount Abu.
Few attractions of Jaipur for tourists include Albert Hall Museum, Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, City Palace, Amer Fort, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort and Jaigarh Fort. A trip in the walled city is a treat to the eyes. On foot while going around it gives a feel of a heritage walk.
In year 2019, Jaipur was declared as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO World Heritage Committee.